Hitler - his own sketch
of millions, master of destruction and organized insanity,
was very secretive about his background. Only the dimmest
outline of his parents emerges from the biographical
chapters of Mein Kampf. He falsified his father's
occupation, changing him from a customs official to a
postal official. He repulsed relatives who tried to
One of the first things he did after taking over Austria
was to have a survey carried out of the little farming
village of Dollerscheim where his father's birth had been
recorded. As soon as it could be arranged the inhabitants
were evacuated and the entire village was demolished by
heavy artillery. Even the graves in the cemetery where his
grandmother had been buried were rendered unrecognizable.
In 1920, Hitler joined the National Socialist German
Workers Party known as the Nazis. He soon became leader of
the party and built up membership quickly, mostly because
of his powerful speaking ability.
In July 1932, the Nazis received about 40% of the vote and
became the strongest party in Germany. On January 30,
1933, President Paul von Hindenburg appointed Hitler
Chancellor of Germany. Once in this position, Hitler moved
quickly toward attaining a dictatorship. When von
Hindenburg died in 1934, Hitler already had control of
Adolf Hitler had always been straightforward about his
plans for the Jews. His dream of a racially
"pure" empire would tolerate no Jews. He
announced at different occasions the "annihilation of
the Jews" living in the territory under his control
but he avoided giving a clear written order to exterminate
Jewish civilians. He avoided speaking openly about killing
in his entourage.
However, there is clear evidence that he was deeply
involved in the anti-Jewish policy during the war,
particularly when it reached a murderous stage. Hitler was
fully responsible for the order for the mass executions in
Poland in 1939 and 1940. In 1941 he ordered the
extermination of the Jewish-Bolshevist intelligentsia
and the elimination of every potential enemy in the
occupied Eastern territories. He was fully aware of mass
executions of Jewish civilians in these territories.
In mid September 1941 Hitler ordered the beginning of mass
deportations from Germany to ghettos in Eastern Europe.
During Autumn 1941 and the following Winter, when
preparation for the Final
Solution in Europe were in full swing, Hitler
spoke at various occasions openly about the annihilation
of the Jews in Europe. It can be ruled out that the
massive preparations for the systematic murder of European
Jews in extermination camps in Poland, undertaken in
spring and summer of 1942, were taken without his consent
or his knowledge.
Private diaries of Nazi propaganda maestro Joseph Goebbels
and Gestapo chief Heinrich Himmler unearthed from the
secret Soviet archives show that Hitler personally ordered
the mass extermination of Jews on December 12, 1941 during
a meeting of Nazi German regional governors in the
chancellery. Goebbels told his diary: "With
regards to the Jewish question, the Fuhrer decided to make
a clean sweep."
And from a number of letters and speeches of Himmler
it becomes clear, that the Reichsführer SS referred to
the Holocaust as a task he had to carry out on the behalf
of the highest authority in the Third Reich - Adolf
In the final hours of his life, Hitler hastily dictated a
Political Testament that he left for the German people.
The document was little different from many speeches and
articles he had written before. After causing the
destruction of huge areas of Europe, demanding the
sacrifice of millions of lives in pursuit of his political
ambitions, and ordering the murder of millions of others,
Hitler showed no remorse. Instead, he blamed the Jews for
the war he himself had started.
With Germany lying in ruins after six devastating years of
war, and with defeat imminent, the Nazi dictator decided
to take his own life. But before doing so, he wanted to
thank the one who'd remained completely loyal to him until
the very end. Early on the morning on April 29, 1945, in a
civil ceremony in his bunker, Hitler married his mistress
of many years, Eva Braun.
The next day a little after 3:30 p.m., they bit into thin
glass vials of cyanide. As he did so, Hitler also shot
himself in the head with a 7.65 mm Walther pistol.
Adolf Hitler had founded the Third Reich 12 years and
three months before. His goals - the mass murder of the
Jews, the establishment of a German Empire based on the
conquest of the Soviet Union, the murder of the original
inhabitants or their reduction to slaves of the Third
Reich. His Nazi Regime led to the annihilation of more
than six million Jews in Europe. The Third Reich would
survive him for one week - the nightmare he had unleashed
was over ...
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